Mexico City

November 29 - 30

What is now the downtown of Mexico City correlates with the ancient island in Lake Texcoco and founded in this place in 1325 the Aztecs capital of Tenochtitlan. Yes, modern Mexico City stands on the lakebed of drained wetlands and on the ruins of a completely demolished pre-Columbian city. It is Interesting to notice that while walking the streets in historic district you can see many leaning churches and residential buildings. This is due to instability of sandy ground soils and groundwater.

Leaning Church Tower::Mexico City, Mexico::
Leaning Church Tower
National Palace::Mexico City, Mexico::
National Palace
Stairway Murals::Mexico City, Mexico::
Stairway Murals
The Totonac Civilization::Mexico City, Mexico::
The Totonac Civilization

All the hotels in the historic part of Mexico City share one common feature, specific unpleasant odor. Because of the humidity, over the years, moisture builds up in the walls of buildings. The smell is not removable. Out of several places we have seen, we chose the most decent in our opinion, the Downtown Hotel.

Debauchery::Mexico City, Mexico::
Branding of Indian Slaves::Mexico City, Mexico::
Branding of Indian Slaves

It took Diego Riviera over 6 years to complete the staircase murals in the Palacio Nacional. Painter depicted historical scenes and actual events to tell the history of Mexico. Piled-up figures help to tell the stories of the Spanish Conquest, oppression of Indians, Inquisition, the Independence, and finally the Mexican Revolution.

Templo Mayor::Mexico City, Mexico::
Templo Mayor
Chacmool Figure::Mexico City, Mexico::
Chacmool Figure
Bench in the Eagle Building::Mexico City, Mexico::
Bench in the Eagle Building
Tlaltecuhtli (god of the earth)::Mexico City, Mexico::
Tlaltecuhtli (god of the earth)

After the destruction of Tenochtitlan, the location of major parts of the Aztec city was forgotten. So was in the case of the Templo Mayor or Great Temple, until the second half of the 20th century. At that time, several buildings were demolished, and archeologists uncovered not only the remains the temple, but also the House of Eagles Warriors, a place where elites held their ceremonies.

Aztec Eagle Warrior::Mexico City, Mexico::
Aztec Eagle Warrior
Tlaloc (rain god)::Mexico City, Mexico::
Tlaloc (rain god)
Stone Skulls::Mexico City, Mexico::
Stone Skulls
Anti-riot Police::Mexico City, Mexico::
Anti-riot Police
Zócalo (Main Square)::Mexico City, Mexico::
Zócalo (Main Square)

Metropolitan Cathedra was erected on the ruins of Aztec sacred precinct. After the Spaniards conquered the Aztec city, conquistadors decided to use the rubble from a destroyed temple dedicated to god of war, Huitzilopochtli. Today, this is the largest cathedral in the Americas, but standing inside it is difficult to feel and appreciate its size. This is because of the view is blocked by the huge golden altar which stands right at the entrance.

Metropolitan Cathedral::Mexico City, Mexico::
Metropolitan Cathedral
Black Christ::Mexico City, Mexico::
Black Christ
Riot Shield::Mexico City, Mexico::
Riot Shield
Green Wall in Downtown Hotel::Mexico City, Mexico::
Green Wall in Downtown Hotel

© 2016 Maciej Swulinski