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Arctic


The Chukchi Sea The Beaufort Sea

Point Barrow in Alaska is northernmost point of the United States (7123'N, 15630'W). It is located on the Arctic Ocean, 534 km (330 miles) above the Arctic Circle. It marks the separation of the Chukchi Sea and the Beaufort Sea. The point was named for the British geographer Sir John Barrow. The city of Barrow is one of the largest Inupiaq (Eskimo) settlements in Alaska. This is a real exotic destination where the sun does not set from May 11th to August 2nd.


The Arctic Ocean at Midnight #1 Point Barrow The Arctic Ocean at Midnight #2

Arctic tundra is flat and muddy. It is dominated by sedge, heath, moss and lichen. The arctic tundra is influenced by permafrost, a layer of permanently frozen subsoil in the ground. The combination of frozen ground and flat terrain on the tundra impedes the drainage of water. Held at the surface or saturating the upper layer of soil, the water forms ponds and bogs that provide moisture for plants.


Old Whale Bone Arctic Tundra

Skin whaling boats called umiaks are still used for hunting sea animals in spring. The one shown on a picture is covered with walrus skin. Whaling is now very strictly regulated, but fathers in Inupiaq families teach their sons the secrets of harpooning.


Inupiaq Hunting Boat Inupiaq Native Girl #1 Inupiaq Native Girl #2

The Inupiaq people have not had a written system for centuries. The only way to pass knowledge from one generation to another was through stories and songs. Their culture was different that European. The clan owned objects - for example, the right to perform a certain dance. The land on the other hand was common.

The Inupiaq language is spoken from northeastern Siberia to Greenland. It is one of the most complex and difficult languages in the world. Through the history there has not been even one European trader or explorer, who could speak Inupiaq language fluently