Berlin Wall

On November 9th, 1989 East Germany opened the border and the symbol of Iron Curtain, the Berlin Wall lost its significance. The concrete wall that surrounded West Berlin was mostly destroyed during next year. Germany was reunited on October 3rd, 1990.

East Side — year 1987

Reichstag from the east::East Berlin, GDR::
Reichstag From the East
Inner Wall::East Berlin, GDR::
Inner Wall
The Watchtower::East Berlin, GDR::
The Watchtower

With the closure of the inner German border in 1952, West Berlin became the main route by which East German citizens left for the West. By 1961 approximately 20% of total population of the GDR (German Democratic Republic) migrated to the West. To prevent further mass emigration, in August 1961 the East German government began construction of the wall around the whole West Berlin.

Holzmarktstraße::East Berlin, GDR::
Niederkirchnerstraße from the east::East Berlin, GDR::
Niederkirchnerstraße From the East
Otto-Grotewohl-Straße from the east::East Berlin, GDR::
Otto-Grotewohl-Straße From the East
Wartburgs and Trabants::East Berlin, GDR::
Wartburgs and Trabants
Pariser Platz::East Berlin, GDR::
Pariser Platz
Brandenburger Gate from the east::East Berlin, GDR::
Brandenburger Gate From the East

West Side — year 1987

French Sector Border::West Berlin::
French Sector Border
Divided Street::West Berlin::
Divided Street
Zimmerstraße::West Berlin::
Corner of Ebertstraße and Voßstraße::West Berlin::
Corner of Ebertstraße and Voßstraße
Otto-Grotewohl-Straße from the west::West Berlin::
Otto-Grotewohl-Straße from the west
Niederkirchnerstraße from the west::West Berlin::
Niederkirchnerstraße from the west

Initially installed barbed wire fence was soon replaced by the concrete structure. The final wall, completed in 1980 consisted of thousands of reinforced concrete sections. In fact, East Germans erected two parallel concrete walls with no man's land in between. Over time they walled up all the windows facing west, in other added bars, erected watchtowers, built bunkers, barricades, signal fences, anti-vehicle trenches, and other obstacles.

Brandenburger Gate from the west::West Berlin::
Brandenburger Gate from the west
Wall next to Brandenburger Gate::West Berlin::
Wall next to Brandenburger Gate
Ebertstraße (near Reichstag)::West Berlin::
Ebertstraße (near Reichstag)
Leipziger Platz::West Berlin::
Leipziger Platz
Clara-Zetkin-Straße::West Berlin::
Ebertstraße::West Berlin::

© 1987 Maciej Swulinski