Commonly known as the Teutonic Knights, the Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem was formed during the Third Crusade to the Holy Land in 1190. Initially, a group of German merchants established a fraternity to run a hospital in Acre. In 1198, when the German contingent in Palestine was short of men to fight, fellowship transformed into a knightly order. It was the third Catholic knight order organized in a similar way to the already existing Knights Templars and the Order of St. John.

Two Fortification Towers::Malbork, Poland::
Two Fortification Towers
Middle Castle Courtyard::Malbork, Poland::
Middle Castle Courtyard
Stone and Bricks::Malbork, Poland::
Stone and Bricks
Fortification Tower::Malbork, Poland::
Fortification Tower
The Upper Castle #1::Malbork, Poland::
The High Castlel #1
The High Castlel #2::Malbork, Poland::
The High Castlel #2
Malbork Castle by Nogat River::Malbork, Poland::
Malbork Castle by Nogat River

Marienburg (today Malbork, Poland) became the capital of Teutonic State in 1309. Over the years, the original convent house was transformed into a heavily fortified city surrounded by deep moats and several rings of defensive walls. The High Castle contained the convent refectory and a church. An old settlement outside the outer walls was also expanded. A spacious Middle Castle was available to knights and guests from the Western Europe. Apart from living quarters, the Middle Castle contained the largest hall known as the Grand Refectory as well as the Palace of the Grand Masters. In the 14th and first half of the 15th century, a third part of the stronghold, the Low Castle was established and expanded. It was here where workshops, stables, smithy, brewery, and granary were all located. Also, most of the Teutonic Order armory and cannons were stored in the Low Castle.

Gate to the High Castle::Malbork, Poland::
Gate to the High Castle
Grand Refectory::Malbork, Poland::
Grand Refectory
Grand Master's Palace::Malbork, Poland::
Grand Master's Palace
Cloisters in the Upper Castle::Malbork, Poland::
Cloisters in the Upper Castle
Cloisters in the Upper Castle::Malbork, Poland::
Gothic Cloisters
Palace of the Grand Masters::Malbork, Poland::
Palace of the Grand Masters
St Ann's Chapel::Malbork, Poland::
St Ann's Chapel
Chapel Entrance::Malbork, Poland::
Chapel Entrance
School Choir::Malbork, Poland::
School Choir

© 2017 Maciej Swulinski